They don’t do well with sequential or step by step methods because they need to see the whole picture first. Also they will have many questions about what they are learning and how to present it when doing an assignment about the subject that is being taught to them.
The five steps listed below cover the main areas that concern a dyslexic student when they are learning new skills and building knowledge about a subject. If a dyslexic is taught their school work in this manner they will be able to understand, absorb and successfully complete class work.
- WHY? Why must I learn this? (Purpose) The brain must first know WHY it should accept an assignment or do a lesson.
- WHAT? What do you expect to find in my answer(s)? The brain must be trained to take notes, choose appropriate materials, focus, organize and develop answers that present ideas in a logical sequence on the question or topic to be discussed.
- HOW? How do I present my answers? Orally or written? Single words, sentences, paragraphs or essays? How do I write each of these forms? The skills required are the basic rules of grammar, sentence structure, paragraph and essay formats. The right-brained student must be shown full procedural systems of these language forms for organizing the ideas and answers either on paper or for oral presentation.
- WHEN? When do I start, finish and hand in the assignment? The brain must be instructed as to when to start on the assignment in class or at home, and when it must be finished for correcting or handing in for marking. Without these instructions it does not understand the time limits involved or panics because it doesn’t know them.
- OUTCOME? What have I learned? How will I use this information in future? The brain must understand the whole picture, its outcome and future applications in lessons or assignments if it is to do the work.
In view of the right-brained students’ learning styles, these five steps set out the criteria that needs to be provided for them each time you teach them a new lesson, analyze new information, give out an assignment or expect them to complete the work to meet your expectations.
Thanks for listening.